Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is a fundamental engineering discipline that gathers materials and techniques together and that deals with the plan, project, construction and inspection of structures. Civil engineers do research on planning, design, construction and supervision of all types of buildings including dams, airports, bridges, roads, aqueducts, ports, sewer systems, water mains, tunnels, railways, high-speed train projects, underground services, etc. Civil Engineering is one of the oldest engineering disciplines. Traditionally, Civil Engineering is composed of different divisions namely environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, city planning, coastal engineering, land surveying, structural engineering, foundation engineering, water engineering, material science and transportation as illustrated in the below chart.

                                         

Today's world requires solutions considering the social, cultural, environmental and political sensitivities to achieve the limited resources due to the increasing population. The factors such as rapidly evolving computer technology, technological advances in building materials, changes in the construction techniques reveal the importance of Civil Engineering. Current problems like climate change and its potential environmental impacts, the efficient use of alternative renewable energy sources, etc. cover all of the main research areas of Civil Engineering. In addition, Civil Engineering is one of the engineering branches that could produce interdisciplinary studies with different engineering and social science disciplines, which can shape the future of the world.